Miles de palestinos protestaron el viernes en un “día de furia” en la ocupada Cisjordania, Gaza y Jerusalén del Este contra la decisión del presidente estadounidense, Donald Trump, de reconocer la ciudad ancestral como capital de Israel.


Palestinos y musulmanes del mundo protestan en el día de furia por Jerusalén (fotos)Un palestino durante protestas por decisión de Trump de declarar a Jerusalén como la capital de Israel REUTERS/Mohamad Torokman

Miles de palestinos protestaron el viernes en un “día de furia” en la ocupada Cisjordania, Gaza y Jerusalén del Este contra la decisión del presidente estadounidense, Donald Trump, de reconocer la ciudad ancestral como capital de Israel.

A lo largo del mundo árabe y musulmán, miles de manifestantes salieron a las calles el viernes, el día sagrado de los musulmanes, para expresar solidaridad con los palestinos y malestar con la decisión de Estados Unidos.

Al finalizar las plegarias del viernes en la mezquita de Al Aqsa en Jerusalén, los fieles se congregaron frente a las puertas de la Ciudad Vieja cantando “Jerusalén es nuestra, Jerusalén es nuestra capital” y “No necesitamos palabras vacías, necesitamos piedras y Kalashnikovs”. Se produjeron algunos enfrentamientos entre manifestantes y la policía.

La decisión de Trump de revertir décadas de política estadounidense y reconocer a Jerusalén como capital ha provocado días de protestas, aunque por el momento la violencia ha estado contenida.

Al mediodía del viernes, no había reportes de muertos en dos días de manifestaciones en los territorios palestinos. El jueves, 31 palestinos resultaron heridos.

Algunos enfrentamientos estallaron en lugares de Cisjordania después de las plegarias del viernes, aunque los disturbios parecían menos intensos que el día previo. En Hebrón y Belén, decenas de palestinos arrojaron piedras contra soldados israelíes que devolvieron la agresión con gas lacrimógeno.

En Gaza, llamados a los fieles a protestar se escuchaban en los altavoces de las mezquitas y decenas de jóvenes quemaron neumáticos en las principales calles del enclave, controlado por el grupo islámico Hamas, mientras cientos se dirigieron a la frontera con Israel.

Hamas ha convocado a un nuevo levantamiento palestino como las llamadas “intifadas” de 1987-1993 y 2000-2005 que provocaron la muerte de miles de palestinos y más de 1.000 israelíes.

“Quienquiera que traslade su embajada a la ocupada Jerusalén se volverá un enemigo de los palestinos y un blanco de facciones palestinas”, dijo el líder de Hamas, Fathy Hammad, mientras manifestantes quemaban afiches de Trump en Gaza. “Declaramos una intifada hasta la liberación de Jerusalén y de toda Palestina”, agregó.

El anuncio realizado por Trump el miércoles enfureció al mundo árabe y molestó a aliados occidentales. El estatus de Jerusalén ha sido uno de los mayores obstáculos a un acuerdo de paz entre Israel y los palestinos durante generaciones.

Israel considera a todo Jerusalén como su capital. Los palestinos quieren la parte este de la ciudad como capital de un futuro estado independiente.

La mayoría de los países consideran a Jerusalén del Este, que Israel capturó y anexó en una guerra en 1967, como territorio ocupado, incluyendo a la Ciudad Vieja, que alberga sitios considerados sagrados tanto por musulmanes como por judíos y cristianos.

Durante décadas Washington, como la mayoría del resto de la comunidad internacional, se abstuvo de reconocer a Jerusalén como capital de Israel, argumentando que su estatus debe ser determinado como parte del proceso de paz palestino-israelí. Ningún otro país tiene su embajada allí.

La administración Trump argumenta que el proceso de paz se ha vuelto moribundo y que políticas obsoletas necesitan ser dejadas de lado para que las partes en conflicto puedan avanzar.

Texto y Fotos Reuters
Israeli border police patrol in an alley of Jerusalem's Old City, during Friday prayers, as Palestinians call for a "day of rage" in response to U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Baz Ratner
Israeli border police patrol in an alley of Jerusalem’s Old City, during Friday prayers, as Palestinians call for a “day of rage” in response to U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Baz Ratner
Worshippers pray during Friday prayers on the compound known to Muslims as Noble Sanctuary and to Jews as Temple Mount in Jerusalem's Old City, as Palestinians call for a "day of rage" in response to U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Ammar Awad
Worshippers pray during Friday prayers on the compound known to Muslims as Noble Sanctuary and to Jews as Temple Mount in Jerusalem’s Old City, as Palestinians call for a “day of rage” in response to U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Ammar Awad
Worshippers pray during Friday prayers on the compound known to Muslims as Noble Sanctuary and to Jews as Temple Mount in Jerusalem's Old City, as Palestinians call for a "day of rage" in response to U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Ammar Awad
Worshippers pray during Friday prayers on the compound known to Muslims as Noble Sanctuary and to Jews as Temple Mount in Jerusalem’s Old City, as Palestinians call for a “day of rage” in response to U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Ammar Awad
A Palestinian protester runs for cover from tear gas fired by Israeli troops during clashes as Palestinians call for a "day of rage" in response to U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital, in the West Bank city of Bethlehem December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Mussa Qawasma
A Palestinian protester runs for cover from tear gas fired by Israeli troops during clashes as Palestinians call for a “day of rage” in response to U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, in the West Bank city of Bethlehem December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Mussa Qawasma
A Palestinian protester hurls stones as tear gas is fired by Israeli troops during clashes as Palestinians call for a "day of rage" in response to U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital, in the West Bank city of Bethlehem December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Mussa Qawasma
A Palestinian protester hurls stones as tear gas is fired by Israeli troops during clashes as Palestinians call for a “day of rage” in response to U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, in the West Bank city of Bethlehem December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Mussa Qawasma
Demonstrators wave Palestinian flags during a protest against U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital, in Istanbul, Turkey, December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Osman Orsal
Demonstrators wave Palestinian flags during a protest against U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, in Istanbul, Turkey, December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Osman Orsal
Palestinian protesters run during clashes as Palestinians call for a "day of rage" in response to U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital, near the border with Israel in the southern Gaza Strip December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Ibraheem Abu Mustafa
Palestinian protesters run during clashes as Palestinians call for a “day of rage” in response to U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, near the border with Israel in the southern Gaza Strip December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Ibraheem Abu Mustafa
Demonstrators pray during a protest against U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital, in Istanbul, Turkey, December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Osman Orsal
Demonstrators pray during a protest against U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, in Istanbul, Turkey, December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Osman Orsal
Worshippers wave a Palestinian flag after Friday prayers on the compound known to Muslims as Noble Sanctuary and to Jews as Temple Mount in Jerusalem's Old City, as Palestinians call for a "day of rage" in response to U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Ammar Awad
Worshippers wave a Palestinian flag after Friday prayers on the compound known to Muslims as Noble Sanctuary and to Jews as Temple Mount in Jerusalem’s Old City, as Palestinians call for a “day of rage” in response to U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Ammar Awad
Worshippers chant as they hold Palestinian flags after Friday prayers on the compound known to Muslims as Noble Sanctuary and to Jews as Temple Mount in Jerusalem's Old City, as Palestinians call for a "day of rage" in response to U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Ammar Awad
Worshippers chant as they hold Palestinian flags after Friday prayers on the compound known to Muslims as Noble Sanctuary and to Jews as Temple Mount in Jerusalem’s Old City, as Palestinians call for a “day of rage” in response to U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Ammar Awad
A demonstrator shouts slogans during a protest as Palestinians call for a "day of rage" in response to U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital, in the West Bank city of Nablus, December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Abed Omar Qusini
A demonstrator shouts slogans during a protest as Palestinians call for a “day of rage” in response to U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, in the West Bank city of Nablus, December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Abed Omar Qusini
Demonstrators take part in a protest as Palestinians call for a "day of rage" in response to U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital, in the West Bank city of Nablus, December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Abed Omar Qusini
Demonstrators take part in a protest as Palestinians call for a “day of rage” in response to U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, in the West Bank city of Nablus, December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Abed Omar Qusini
Israeli border policemen detain a Palestinian man during scuffles at Damascus Gate after Friday prayers in Jerusalem's Old City, as Palestinians call for a "day of rage" in response to U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Ronen Zvulun
Israeli border policemen detain a Palestinian man during scuffles at Damascus Gate after Friday prayers in Jerusalem’s Old City, as Palestinians call for a “day of rage” in response to U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Ronen Zvulun
A Palestinian protester hurls stones towards Israeli troops during clashes as Palestinians call for a "day of rage" in response to U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital, near the Jewish settlement of Beit El, near the West Bank city of Ramallah December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Mohamad Torokman
A Palestinian protester hurls stones towards Israeli troops during clashes as Palestinians call for a “day of rage” in response to U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, near the Jewish settlement of Beit El, near the West Bank city of Ramallah December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Mohamad Torokman
A Palestinian protester is seen as smoke rises from burning tires during clashes with Israeli troops as Palestinians call for a "day of rage" in response to U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital, near the Jewish settlement of Beit El, near the West Bank city of Ramallah December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Mohamad Torokman
A Palestinian protester is seen as smoke rises from burning tires during clashes with Israeli troops as Palestinians call for a “day of rage” in response to U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, near the Jewish settlement of Beit El, near the West Bank city of Ramallah December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Mohamad Torokman
Protestors shout slogans during an anti-Trump anti-Israel protest at al-Azhar mosque in Old Cairo, Egypt December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany
Protestors shout slogans during an anti-Trump anti-Israel protest at al-Azhar mosque in Old Cairo, Egypt December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany
Protestors shout slogans during an anti-Trump anti-Israel protest at al-Azhar mosque in Old Cairo, Egypt December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany
Protestors shout slogans during an anti-Trump anti-Israel protest at al-Azhar mosque in Old Cairo, Egypt December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany
Protestors shout slogans during an anti-Trump anti-Israel protest at al-Azhar mosque in Old Cairo, Egypt December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany
Protestors shout slogans during an anti-Trump anti-Israel protest at al-Azhar mosque in Old Cairo, Egypt December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Mohamed Abd El Ghany
An Israeli policeman aims his weapon as his comrades detain a Palestinian during scuffles at Damascus Gate after Friday prayers in Jerusalem's Old City, as Palestinians call for a "day of rage" in response to U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Baz Ratner
An Israeli policeman aims his weapon as his comrades detain a Palestinian during scuffles at Damascus Gate after Friday prayers in Jerusalem’s Old City, as Palestinians call for a “day of rage” in response to U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Baz Ratner
A Palestinian protester is seen as smoke rises from burning tires during clashes with Israeli troops as Palestinians call for a "day of rage" in response to U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital, near the Jewish settlement of Beit El, near the West Bank city of Ramallah December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Mohamad Torokman
A Palestinian protester is seen as smoke rises from burning tires during clashes with Israeli troops as Palestinians call for a “day of rage” in response to U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, near the Jewish settlement of Beit El, near the West Bank city of Ramallah December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Mohamad Torokman
Palestinian protesters run for cover during clashes with Israeli troops as Palestinians call for a "day of rage" in response to U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital, near the border with Israel in the east of Gaza City December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Mohammed Salem
Palestinian protesters run for cover during clashes with Israeli troops as Palestinians call for a “day of rage” in response to U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, near the border with Israel in the east of Gaza City December 8, 2017. REUTERS/Mohammed Salem

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